The Computer professionals - the same part of the web, as librarians or publishers, but their cooperation is essential difficult barrier of cultural differences. Many members of the Internet community grew up "immersed" in computer technology and adhere to an unorthodox work style. As in any other discipline, some are so deeply involved in technical details, I do not see anything else, or are simply unable to explain technical details to non-specialists. Some even deliberately difficult to understand, although this is quite rare. Many people would like to know what they are doing, but the workers technical professions often struggle to explain technological issues to non-professionals.
The online community was founded by specialists involved in the establishment and running UNIX. A significant part of the success of this operating system due to tradition of openness. UNIX, Internet and web community to coordinate their work, because understood that such cooperation is beneficial for all. Understanding this tradition of openness is fundamentally important to understand the approach of computer scientists to the problem of the web. Their attitude may seem a utopian dream, and some enthusiasts talking about completely uncontrolled information society, although this is an extreme point of view. The majority of the members of the Internet community has a healthy attitude towards money; entrepreneurship retains its appeal, and new businesses emerging continuously.
Even for a fast-changing world of computer technology development of specialty web masters is exceptional. In early 1994, the web was hardly known, and by the summer of 1995, more than 1,000 participants came to the first meeting of Federal Webmasters, an informal group of people who support the web sites of government institutions in the USA. The word "webmaster" was born in one night and established themselves so quickly and firmly that subsequent attempts (keeping in mind the fact that the word "master" is masculine) to come up with something else failed. Therefore, the term "webmaster" refers to men and women.
The webmaster is also the publisher, the librarian, system administrator and designer. This profession requires a wide knowledge in different areas. In addition to the traditional skills of the publisher (selection, editing), requires skills in creating user interfaces and high-performance computer systems. A website is the face of the organization to the outside world. The quality of its graphics and way of presenting the material are as important as other PR materials produced by the company. (Webmaster CNRI half-jokingly calls his work as "art Department". As professional librarians, she has a deep technical skills and most of the time for graphic design.)
In some organizations, the webmaster selects or even creates a materials that appear on the website. More generally, we can say that such materials create a separate people or group of employees of the organization. The task of the web master - edit and format them and structure them within a single web site. Thus, the "form" of the website is created the webmaster. For example, CNRI is supported by the Internet Engineering Task Force, the content of which is tightly controlled by the IETF Secretariat. However, the design of home page and its linkage with other materials is the responsibility of the webmaster.
Computer skills the webmaster can vary and depend on the complexity of the web site. Some tools for creating user interfaces, like the Java programming language require professional programmers. Some sites are very large, being placed on different computer systems distributed in different places of the world. Really popular sites, for example, Cable News Network visits a day to 100 million users. Design and support of such systems and their network connections is a challenge for professionals in computer technology. If the website carries out commercial transactions, the web master should have skills in security.
Among the organizations that have made a significant contribution to the development of the web, many faculties of computer technologies. Webmasters can count on them in case of unexpected tasks, such as creating a web server or indexed search site. In other organizations, the web master has to be a master of all trades. Many sites serve the organization, which is generally not computer specialists. There are specialized companies which provide web services for such firms, including the creation of web pages, technical support of computer equipment and administrative functions (like registration of a domain name).